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Midnight blue

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Midnight sky in Düsseldorf, Germany
Midnight sky in Düsseldorf, Germany

Midnight blue is a dark shade of blue named for its resemblance to the apparently blue color of a moonlit night sky around a full moon. Midnight blue is identifiably blue to the eye in sunlight or full-spectrum light, but can appear black under certain more limited spectra sometimes found in artificial lighting (especially early 20th-century incandescent). It is similar to navy, which is also a dark blue.



Midnight Blue
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#191970
sRGBB (r, g, b)(25, 25, 112)
HSV (h, s, v)(240°, 78%, 44%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(16, 49, 266°)
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

There are two major shades of midnight blue—the X11 color and the Crayola color. This color was originally called midnight. The first recorded use of midnight as a color name in English was in 1915.[1]

At right is displayed the color midnight blue. This is the X11 web color midnight blue.

Dark midnight blue (Crayola)[edit]

Midnight Blue (Crayola)
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#003366
sRGBB (r, g, b)(0, 51, 102)
HSV (h, s, v)(210°, 100%, 40%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(21, 42, 253°)
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

At right is displayed the dark shade of midnight blue that is called midnight blue in Crayola crayons. Midnight blue became an official crayola color in 1958; before that, since having been formulated by Crayola in 1903, it was called Prussian blue.

In culture[edit]

Higher education[edit]


  • Midnight blue is an alternative to black as a color for dinner jackets. Due to the deepness of the color, midnight blue formal clothes are often almost indistinguishable from black. The Duke of Windsor popularized the color in suits and tuxedos.




See also[edit]


  1. ^ Maerz and Paul (1930). A Dictionary of Color. New York: McGraw-Hill. p. 199; color sample of midnight: page 103, plate 40, color sample A8.
  2. ^ Evans, Martyn; Burt, Tim (2016). The Collegiate Way: University Education in a Collegiate Context. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers. p. 87.
  3. ^ "School Colors". University of Toledo. Retrieved 2017-10-27.
  4. ^ "Edmonton Oilers". NHL Uniform Database. Retrieved 2020-11-08.