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Coordinates: 50°21′1″N 15°55′6″E / 50.35028°N 15.91833°E / 50.35028; 15.91833
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Aerial view of the centre of Jaroměř
Aerial view of the centre of Jaroměř
Flag of Jaroměř
Coat of arms of Jaroměř
Jaroměř is located in Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°21′1″N 15°55′6″E / 50.35028°N 15.91833°E / 50.35028; 15.91833
Country Czech Republic
RegionHradec Králové
First mentioned1126
 • MayorJan Borůvka
 • Total23.95 km2 (9.25 sq mi)
254 m (833 ft)
 • Total12,541
 • Density520/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal codes
551 01, 551 02

Jaroměř (Czech pronunciation: [ˈjaromɲɛr̝̊]; German: Jermer) is a town in Náchod District in the Hradec Králové Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 13,000 inhabitants. It is known for the Josefov Fortress. Josefov is well preserved and is protected by law as an urban monument reservation, the historic town centre of Jaroměř is procected as an urban monument zone.

Administrative parts[edit]

The town parts of Cihelny, Jakubské Předměstí, Josefov and Pražské Předměstí and the villages of Dolní Dolce, Jezbiny, Semonice and Starý Ples are administrative parts of Jaroměř.


Aerial view of the town centre

Jaroměř is located about 18 kilometres (11 mi) west of Náchod and 16 km (10 mi) northeast of Hradec Králové. It lies mostly in a flat agricultural landscape of the East Elbe Table. The eastern tip of the municipal territory extends into the Orlice Table. The highest point is at 291 m (955 ft) above sea level.

The town lies at the confluence of the rivers Elbe, Úpa and Metuje. There is also the confluence of the Metuje and Stará Metuje, which flows through the eastern part of the territory. There are several fishponds in the municipal territory; the largest of them is Jaroměřský in the northern part.

In the area between the Metuje and Stará Metuje rivers is the Josefov Meadows Bird Reserve. It is home to many rare and endangered species of birds and amphibians thanks to its returning wetlands ecosystem.



The area around the local rivers was populated as early as 40,000 BC. The first written mention of Jaroměř is from 1126, when a fortress founded by Duke Jaromír is documented in the area of today's Church of Saint Nicholas. The village was probably promoted to a royal town by King Ottokar I of Bohemia and first referred to as a town in 1298. In 1307, it became a dowry town administered by Queen Elizabeth Richeza.[2]

During the Hussite Wars, the town surrounded to Hussites. In 1437, it became a dowry town of Queen Barbara of Cilli, but the citizens did not want to give up its privileges and submit to the Queen. Barbara pledged the town to King George of Poděbrady in 1445. At the end of the 15th century, the town was badly damaged by a fire. After it recovered, it suffered during the Thirty Years' War. Despite the war, several Renaissance and Baroque monuments were created here at this time. In 1791, Jaroměř became again a royal town.[2]

From 1780 to 1787, Emperor Joseph II had built the imperial fortress Ples on the left bank of the Elbe and Metuje rivers to prevent the threat of a Prussian invasion. Later this conurbation took the name of Josefstadt (Josefov in Czech, literally "Joseph's Town"). The fortress was never attacked and was closed in 1888.[2]

In the 19th century, industry and business developed in Jaroměř. The railway was built in 1857.[2]

In 1948, the town of Josefov and the villages of Dolní Dolce and Jezbiny were incorporated into Jaroměř.[2]


Historical population
Source: Censuses[3][4]


There are no major companies. The largest employers are the companies of Gumotex Automotive Jaroměř and Karsit, both manufacturers of automotive parts and both employing more than 250 people.[5]


The D11 motorway runs west of the town.

Jaroměř lies on the interregional railway lines PragueTrutnov and LiberecPardubice. In addition, the town lies on the line from Hradec Králové to Svoboda nad Úpou.[6]


Each summer, the town hosts the four-day Brutal Assault, the biggest central European extreme metal music festival. Over 10,000 metalheads from all over Europe attends the festival.[7]


Church of Saint Nicholas with the rectory

Jaroměř is best known for the Josefov Fortress. The fortress with the underground system is accessible and is one of the main tourist destinations of the region.[8] In Josefov there is also the Church of the Ascension of the Virgin Mary. It was built in the Empire style in 1805–1811.[9]

The historic centre of Jaroměř is located around the meander of the Elbe. On the square there is a Marian column designed by Matthias Braun from 1723–1727. The eastern side of the square is closed by the a town gate with bell tower, the last preserved element of town fortification, and by the Church of Saint Nicholas. It was built in the early 14th century. The church is one of the most significant church buildings of the High Czech Gothic and it used to be part of the fortification. Next to the church is the Baroque building of the rectory from 1786.[9][10]

Near the village of Semonice is a conciliation cross. With a height of 1.67 m (5 ft 6 in), it is considered the largest in the Czech Republic.[11][12]

Notable people[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Jaroměř is twinned with:[13]


  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2024". Czech Statistical Office. 2024-05-17.
  2. ^ a b c d e "History of the town". Město Jaroměř. Retrieved 2021-10-01.
  3. ^ "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Náchod" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 7–8.
  4. ^ "Population Census 2021: Population by sex". Public Database. Czech Statistical Office. 2021-03-27.
  5. ^ "Registr ekonomických subjektů". Business Register (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2023-07-18.
  6. ^ "Detail stanice Jaroměř" (in Czech). České dráhy. Retrieved 2023-07-18.
  7. ^ "Brutal Assault ovládla skupina Slayer. Festival měl rekordní účast" (in Czech). Lidovky.cz. 2014-08-10. Retrieved 2021-10-01.
  8. ^ "Pevnost Josefov" (in Czech). Město Jaroměř. Retrieved 2021-10-01.
  9. ^ a b "Monuments in Town" (in Czech). Město Jaroměř. Retrieved 2021-10-01.
  10. ^ "Kostel sv. Mikuláše, Jaroměř" (in Czech). Hradec Králové Region. Retrieved 2021-10-01.
  11. ^ "Smírčí kříž" (in Czech). National Heritage Institute. Retrieved 2023-12-08.
  12. ^ "Jeden z nejvyšších kamenných smírčích křížů v Čechách najdete na Libinách u Jaroměře" (in Czech). Czech Radio. 2021-01-04. Retrieved 2023-12-08.
  13. ^ "Partnerská města" (in Czech). Město Jaroměř. Retrieved 2021-10-01.

External links[edit]