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Summerville, South Carolina

Coordinates: 33°0′29″N 80°10′58″W / 33.00806°N 80.18278°W / 33.00806; -80.18278
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Summerville
Downtown Summerville
Downtown Summerville
Official seal of Summerville
Nickname: 
Flowertown[1]
Motto(s): 
"The Flower Town in the Pines"
"Sacra Pinus Esto" (Latin)
(The Pine is Sacred)
Map
Interactive map of Summerville
Summerville is located in South Carolina
Summerville
Summerville
Location within South Carolina
Summerville is located in the United States
Summerville
Summerville
Location within the United States
Coordinates: 33°0′29″N 80°10′58″W / 33.00806°N 80.18278°W / 33.00806; -80.18278
Country United States
State South Carolina
CountiesDorchester, Berkeley, Charleston
IncorporatedDecember 17, 1847
Named forNew Summerville[9]
Government
 • TypeCouncil–manager[2]
 • BodySummerville Town Council[3]
 • MayorRuss Touchberry[4]
Area
 • Total22.67 sq mi (58.72 km2)
 • Land22.54 sq mi (58.37 km2)
 • Water0.14 sq mi (0.35 km2)  5.24%
Elevation
89 ft (27 m)
Population
 • Total50,915
 • Estimate 
(2023)
51,884
 • Density2,259.27/sq mi (872.30/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
29483-29486
Area code(s)843, 854
FIPS code45-70270[6]
GNIS feature ID1251073[7]
Websitewww.summervillesc.gov

Summerville is a town in the U.S. state of South Carolina situated mostly in Dorchester County, with small portions in Berkeley and Charleston counties. Summerville is seventh biggest city in the state. The town lies approximately five miles from the Ashley River. It is part of the Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville, SC Metropolitan Statistical Area. Summerville's population at the 2020 census was 50,915.[10]

History

[edit]

The first settlement in Summerville began following the American Revolutionary War; it was called Pineland Village in 1785. Development in the area resulted from plantation owners who resided in the Charleston area and came to Summerville to escape seasonal insects and swamp fever.[11]

Summerville became an official town on December 17, 1847. That year, the town passed a law against cutting down trees, the nation's first such law, and a $25 fine was issued to anyone who did so without permission. The town's official seal reads "Sacra Pinus Esto (The Pine is Sacred)".[12]

The 1886 Charleston earthquake affected Summerville, which resulted in a fire that reduced many of the buildings in the town square to ruins.[13] During this earthquake, the Old White Meeting House Ruins and Cemetery, located near Summerville, was also destroyed.[14] Today, Summerville is located within the Middleton Place-Summerville Seismic Zone, which is the most active seismic zone in South Carolina.[15]

In 1899, the International Congress of Physicians (or "Tuberculosis Congress"[11]) listed Summerville as one of the world's two best areas for treatment of and recovery from lung and throat disorders, due to its dry and sandy location and the many pine trees that release turpentine derivatives into the air. This notation is credited with aiding Summerville's commercial and residential development.[12]

The former Summerville post office built in 1938 contains a mural, Train Time – Summerville, painted by Bernadine Custer in 1939. Federally commissioned murals were produced from 1934 to 1943 in the U.S. through the Section of Painting and Sculpture, later called the Section of Fine Arts, of the Treasury Department.[16]

The Ashley River Road, Middleton Place, Colonial Dorchester State Historic Site, Old White Meeting House Ruins and Cemetery, and the Summerville Historic District are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[17]

Geography

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The center of Summerville is in southeastern Dorchester County; the town extends northeast into Berkeley and Charleston counties. It is bordered to the east by the town of Lincolnville and to the southeast by the city of North Charleston. Summerville's town limits extend south as far as the Ashley River next to Old Fort Dorchester State Historical Park.

U.S. Route 78 passes near the center of Summerville, leading southeast 24 miles (39 km) to downtown Charleston and northwest 29 miles (47 km) to Interstate 95 at St. George. Interstate 26 leads through Summerville's northeast corner, with access from Exit 199, leading southeast to Charleston and northwest 90 miles (140 km) to Columbia.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 22.67 square miles (58.7 km2), of which 22.54 square miles (58.4 km2) is land and 0.14 square miles (0.36 km2) (5.24%) is water.[8]

Demographics

[edit]
Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18801,371
18902,21961.9%
19002,4209.1%
19102,355−2.7%
19202,5508.3%
19302,5791.1%
19403,02317.2%
19503,3129.6%
19603,6339.7%
19703,8395.7%
19806,49269.1%
199022,519246.9%
200027,75223.2%
201043,39256.4%
202050,91517.3%
2023 (est.)51,884[10]1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[18]
2020[10][5]

2020 census

[edit]
Summerville racial composition (2020)[19]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 33,259 65.32%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 10,460 20.54%
Native American 204 0.4%
Asian 800 1.57%
Pacific Islander 67 0.13%
Other/Mixed 2,942 5.78%
Hispanic or Latino 3,183 6.25%

As of the 2020 census, there were 50,915 people, 19,374 households, and 13,130 families residing in the town.

2010 census

[edit]
Summerville racial composition (2010)[20]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 30,101 69.37%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 9,158 21.11%
Native American 161 0.37%
Asian 647 1.49%
Pacific Islander 38 0.09%
Other/Mixed 1,122 2.59%
Hispanic or Latino 2,165 4.99%

At the 2010 census,[6] there were 43,392 people residing in 16,181 households in the town. Summerville's population density is 2,404.7 inhabitants per square mile.

There were 16,181 households, of which 38.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.0% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55.

In the town, 27.0% of the population was under the age of 18, and 10.5% was 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.7 years.

The median income for a household in the town was $54,677. About 11.2% of the population was below the poverty line. The median value of an owner-occupied home was $182,000.

Culture

[edit]

Starting in 1972, Summerville has supported the Summerville Family YMCA in hosting the annual Flowertown Festival to support health and wellness programs at the YMCA.[21] It is South Carolina's largest arts and crafts festival. It is held during the last weekend of March or the first weekend of April in the Summerville Azalea Park. It often coincides with the annual Cooper River Bridge Run held in Charleston the same weekend. During the three days of the Flowertown Festival, Summerville sees about 200,000 visitors. Admission and parking is free to all who attend. No alcohol or pets are permitted at the festival. About 200 artists from around the country are invited and display their works for purchase. Area restaurants are featured in the festival's "Taste" section, where tickets can be purchased to sample their offerings. Children can enjoy the carnival in the Children's Jubilee/Kids Fest section.

In 1925, these flowers led Summerville's Chamber of Commerce to adopt the slogan "Flower Town in the Pines."

Summerville claims the title "The Birthplace of Sweet Tea."[22] A recipe for sweet iced tea published in Texas native Marion Cabell's 1879 cookbook Housekeeping in Old Virginia has been cited as evidence against this claim.[23]

Government

[edit]

Summerville has a Council–manager, with a town council acting as the chief legislative body and a mayor acting as the executive officer of the municipality. Day-to-day operations and legislation implementation is the Town Administrator's responsibility. The current mayor, since 2024, is Russ Touchberry. The Town Council has six members elected from single-member districts.

Fire department

[edit]

The Town of Summerville Fire & Rescue comprises 97 full-time firefighters and 19 volunteers.[24] These firemen operate out of 6 stations across town and are subdivided into five engine companies and two ladder companies. Also included in the department, is the Fire Marshall Office which comprises a Chief Fire Marshall and two assistants. The Department operates on a 24/48 schedule and maintains a Class 1 ISO rating.Chief Brent Melcher currently leads the Department.[25][26]

Police department

[edit]

The Town of Summerville Police Department consists of 120 sworn officers and 29 civilian staff members, with 2.33 full-time law enforcement officers per 1,000 residents.[27] The current Chief of Police is Doug Wright.[28]

EMS and Medical Centers

[edit]

Emergency medical services (EMS) for the town is provided primarily by Dorchester County EMS, but in some cases, these services are provided by both Charleston and Berkley County EMS due to small parts of the town being in these counties.

While the city of Charleston is the primary medical center for the area, Summerville is home to the Summerville Medical Center and many different MUSC campuses, which serve the town.[29]

Crime

[edit]

This table shows the service statistics collected by the Summerville Police Department. In 2023 the Summerville Police Department received 94,446 calls for service resulting in 2,030 arrests.[30]

Reported number of Criminal Statistics
Crime 2023 2022 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013
Arson 0 4 1 1 0 6 5 0 3 0 2
Aggravated Assault 12 20 19 155 30 219 145 136 57 64 36
Burglary 113 142 128 155 183 264 224 235 235 203 215
Criminal Sex. Conduct 52 48 72 97 92 69 43 23 31 21 24
Homicide 2 5 2 5 5 2 5 4 5 1 0
Larceny 1,589 1,832 1,826 1,889 1,925 1,523 1,587 1,594 1,070 1,304 1,191
Motor Vehicle Theft 300 270 214 207 187 167 123 109 182 123 93
Robbery 15 23 18 27 34 46 46 27 31 25 29
Total 2,083 2,344 2,280 2,536 2,456 2,296 2,178 2,128 1,614 1,741 1,590

Education

[edit]

Public education in Summerville is administered by Dorchester School District Two, which operates Summerville High School. Summerville's Memorial Stadium, which has a capacity of around 6,500,[31] is used for American football games.

Summerville has a public library, a branch of the Dorchester County Library.[32]

Notable people

[edit]

See also

[edit]

References

[edit]
  1. ^ "Is It Flower Town or Flowertown?". Visit Summerville. October 11, 2018. Retrieved November 27, 2023.
  2. ^ Hart, Brodie (July 8, 2019). "Summerville Mayor Wiley Johnson says he will not seek reelection". WCIV. Retrieved November 27, 2023.
  3. ^ "TOS Organizational Chart". www.summervillesc.gov. July 13, 2023. Retrieved November 27, 2023.
  4. ^ Wright, Webb; Kayanja, Ian (November 7, 2023). "Russ Touchberry proclaims victory in bid for Summerville mayor, results remain unofficial". WCIV. Retrieved November 27, 2023.
  5. ^ a b "Census Population API". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2022.
  6. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  7. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  8. ^ a b "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2022.
  9. ^ "Summerville". www.scencyclopedia.org. Retrieved December 7, 2022.
  10. ^ a b c "QuickFacts: Summerville town, South Carolina". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 16, 2024.
  11. ^ a b Historic Facts About Summerville & Dorchester County, archived from the original on July 17, 2011
  12. ^ a b Summerville's Book of History, archived from the original on March 25, 2003
  13. ^ "A Brief History of Summerville". Post and Courier. July 29, 2023. Retrieved June 28, 2024.
  14. ^ "SCDAH". www.nationalregister.sc.gov. Retrieved June 28, 2024.
  15. ^ "Earthquakes - South Carolina Emergency Management Division". www.scemd.org. Retrieved June 28, 2024.
  16. ^ Arnesen, Eric (2007). Encyclopedia of U.S. Labor and Working-Class History. Vol. 1. New York: Routledge. ISBN 9780415968263.
  17. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  18. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  19. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 15, 2021.
  20. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved May 8, 2024.
  21. ^ "Flowertown Festival - Summerville Family YMCA". May 19, 2016.
  22. ^ "Brief History of Summerville".
  23. ^ Moss, Robert F. "Summerville can't squeeze the facts out of sweet tea's murky history". Charleston City Paper.
  24. ^ https://statefire.llr.sc.gov/osfm/forms/memos/Rosters.pdf
  25. ^ "Command Staff | Summerville, SC". www.summervillepolice.com. Retrieved June 28, 2024.
  26. ^ "Council District 4 - Richard G. Waring IV | Summerville, SC". www.summervillepolice.com. Retrieved June 28, 2024.
  27. ^ https://policefundingdatabase.org/explore-the-database/locations/south-carolina/summerville/
  28. ^ "Command Staff | Summerville, SC". www.summervillepolice.com. Retrieved June 28, 2024.
  29. ^ https://locations.muschealth.org/sc/summerville
  30. ^ https://www.summervillepolice.com/528/Service-Statistics
  31. ^ rlee@journalscene.com, Roger Lee (November 2, 2023). "Officials meet about capacity of Memorial Stadium". Post and Courier. Retrieved May 8, 2024.
  32. ^ "South Carolina libraries and archives". SCIWAY. Retrieved June 8, 2019.
  33. ^ "Sam Esmail, Class of 1995". Classmates. Retrieved November 5, 2019.
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